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Disability tax credit: what itís worth, how to apply
9/22/2018 11:19:07 PM
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By Knowledge Bureau  | Thursday, September 13, 2018


 

TAX PLANNING FROM THE KNOWLEDGE BUREAU



By Evelyn Jacks

The Canada Revenue Agency’s (CRA) audit activities extended to those who claim Disability Tax Credits (DTCs), especially diabetics and children with autism, has continued to raise the ire of taxpayers. The $1.3 billion in tax relief has been inconsistently applied and retroactively disallowed. But if you qualify, you could go back and recover that lucrative tax credit – all the way back to 2008.

It’s one of three important tax credits the vast majority of families often miss out on. It’s why I have covered the topic extensively in the 2018 version of my book Essential Tax Facts – How to Make the Right Tax Moves and Be Audit-proof Too.

Here’s what you need to know: The DTC is a non-refundable tax credit, which translates to a federal real dollar amount of over $1,200 – close to $2,000, depending on where you live in Canada.

Those who miss making the claim can recover it 10 years back, too. So do the math – it’s a big number and worth the extra attention to your prior filed returns:

Who can verify the claim?

It’s a prerequisite that a medical practitioner certify your claim; therefore an important fall project is to make the appointment to get the T2201 Disability Tax Credit Certificate signed.

Note that medical doctors can certify most types of conditions, while nurse practitioners have also been added to the list of qualified professionals effective March 22, 2017. Any charge for this is claimable as a medical expense. In addition, CRA must accept the certificate, and that’s where much of the controversy has originated over the last year.

Who qualifies?

A disabled person for the purposes of this credit is one who has a “severe and prolonged impairment in mental or physical functions.” When a taxpayer claims expenses for an attendant or the cost of nursing home care for a patient as a medical expense, neither that individual nor any other person may claim the Disability Tax Credit (DTC) or transfer it from that patient. But, the DTC can still be used if the claim for an attendant is less than $10,000 ($20,000 in the year of death).

Expenses claimable for these purposes can include fees paid for nursing home residence, full-time care in personal residence, or care in a group home plus costs for a special school or detox centre, which may qualify as both medical expenses and tuition fee credits. But this generally does not include “stop smoking” treatment unless it’[s part of a medical treatment prescribed and monitored by a medical practitioner.

Working with a DFA-Tax Services Specialist is important, as these professionals will provide expert services in claiming and recovering these credits for families and charge a reasonable fee for doing so – by the form or by the hour. Stay away from those who charge a percentage of the refunds.

Recover missed credits

Remember that you can recover missed credits over a 10-year period by filing an adjustment to prior filed returns. A tax specialist can help you with this as well.

Next time: Claiming the Canada Caregiver Credit

© 2018 The Knowledge Bureau, Inc. All rights reserved. Reprinted with permission.

Evelyn Jacks is the founder and President of Knowledge Bureau, which brings continuing financial education in the multiple areas of specialization to advisors and their clients. She is the author of 52 books on tax and wealth planning. This article originally appeared in the Knowledge Bureau Report. Follow Evelyn Jacks on Twitter @EvelynJacks. Visit her blog at www.evelynjacks.com.

Notes and Disclaimer

The foregoing is for general information purposes only and is the opinion of the writer. No guarantee of investment performance is made or implied. It is not intended to provide specific personalized advice including, without limitation, investment, financial, legal, accounting or tax advice.

 
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